Old Chaffee County Court House

My husband and I spent a bit of time exploring Buena Vista, Colorado over the weekend.  In addition to having a lovely plant nursery and market, a good coffee shop, and a great paddling store, Buena Vista is also home to the beautiful Old Chaffee County Courthouse.


Constructed in 1882, it was the county court house for fifty years, until a new court house was constructed in 1932 in Salida.  The Old Chaffee County Court House later housed the local school from 1936 until 1972, and in 1974 became the Buena Vista Heritage Museum, which it remains today.  The website Courthouse History has several historic photos of the Old Chaffee County Court House, as well as the 1930s court house in Salida.

The Old Chaffee County Court House is a red brick building with a stone base and carved sandstone quoins and window lintels.  Its Italianate design is similar in style to the Court House in Fairplay, which I examined in a post on Monday, though it is a much larger building (and was built nearly ten years after the one in Fairplay).  According to the National Register nomination [pdf], the Old Chaffee County Court House was designed by E. Fisher, who also designed the former Fremont County Court House in Cañon City, though I could not confirm that.  Either way, the court house in Cañon City was quite lovely, as you can see in these historic photographs, but it was demolished in the 1960s.

The brick at the Old Chaffee County Court House is pretty basic, with a fairly uniform color and size.  It was probably an early manufactured brick rather than hand-pressed.  The sandstone carving, however, is really unique – the quoins, in particular.


Each quoin was hand-carved to create a beveled edge, known as a chamfer, and a tooled margin surrounding a carved, diamond-patterned center.  Both the chamfer and the margin have vertical and horizontal striped tooling marks.  The diamond pattern at the center of each stone has irregularly carved, intersecting diagonal lines.  You can see that the straightness and spacing of the diagonal lines varies on each stone in the photo below.  The sandstone itself is pretty unique, too.  It is a yellowish-brown colored stone that has a hint of green in it.  It is very similar to New Brunswick sandstone, which was used for the surrounding walls and decorative railings in New York’s Central Park.  I would guess the stone used on the Old Chaffee County Court House was a local stone, rather than an import from Canada.


The building’s base is supported by a rough-cut foundation that appears to be a stone made of compressed volcanic ash.  It is similar to Castle Rock rhyolite, but has more pores and is grayer and yellower in color.  You can see some of this unique stone in the bottom of the photo above.

If you walk around the southeast corner of the building, you will come across a clever addition hidden down a short driveway.  This small elevator tower was connected to the east side of the Old Chaffee County Court House with a wood-and-glass hyphen.


And if you look even more closely, you might notice that the brick masonry of the elevator tower is a modern interpretation of the brick and sandstone quoining at the original part of the court house.  The addition is respectful to the original building and echoes its design while using a contemporary materials.  That’s Preservation 101, for you!


Fairplay School

This weekend, my husband and I went up to the mountains to check out the autumn colors.  We headed over Kenosha Pass, which was clogged with leaf peepers, and briefly stopped to admire the golden aspen.  But we were hungry, so we continued on to Fairplay for lunch.  We took a post-meal stroll through town and quickly discovered the historic Fairplay School, a beautiful stone schoolhouse tucked behind several modern brick additions.


The main entrance to the school is around the corner facing the newest addition.


FairplaySchoolstoneThe Fairplay School was constructed between 1880 and 1881, and is one of the oldest remaining school buildings [pdf] in Colorado.  It is on the Colorado Register of Historic Places, and is made of an irregularly grained red and pinkish-buff colored sandstone.  A sandstone quarry around Red Hill Pass, near Route 285 just northeast of Fairplay, supplied much of the local stone for the town.

If you look closely at the photo at left (you can enlarge it by clicking the photo), the foundation stones and water table are large, rough-cut pieces of red sandstone.  Before steel construction was popular, builders used stronger, denser stones at the bottom of a building to support the weight of the masonry walls and to reduce water infiltration.  The red sandstone may have been stronger and less permeable than the pinkish-buff sandstone used to building the rest of the wall.

It was also common for masonry walls to get lighter as they got taller to reduce the amount of weight being supported by the foundation.  It is hard to tell from the small photo, but the stones used to build the wall get smaller in size as from water table to cornice.  Red sandstone was also used at the corners to create quoins, and at the window sills and lintels.

Naturally, the Fairplay School has a cupola with a bell, and swallow nests at the cornice.  No historic school would be complete without them!



Boulder County Courthouse

Earlier this summer I ventured up to Boulder for a meeting of the Rocky Mountain Chapter of the Association for Preservation Technology.  I got to Boulder a little early to nose around Pearl Street and discovered this gem of a building: the Boulder County Courthouse.


Built between 1933 and 1934 and designed in the Art Deco style by architect Glen H. Huntington, the Boulder County Courthouse building replaced the original Second-Empire style courthouse that burned in 1932.  The postcard below shows the original building (postcard courtesy Courthouse History).  I am sure the citizens of Boulder were shocked to have this stately, albeit oppressive-looking brick and stone structure replaced with the light-colored, Cubist design of the new stone courthouse.